Good treatment outcomes for prostate cancer depend on factors such as continuously improving diagnosis and treatment of the condition.

Non-cancerous urological conditions

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

The prostate is a chestnut-sized gland within which the spermatic duct and urethra come together. It works like a mixing valve, adding secretions to the seminal fluid. The prostate surrounds the urethra. As we get older, this ‘chestnut’ turns into a ‘peach’. From around the age of 40, in many men the prostate begins to grow – both outwards and inwards. This restricts the urethra, which reduces the flow of urine, making passing urine more difficult and resulting in frequent sudden urges to urinate and recurring inflammation.

One in two men over the age of 50 will develop an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH). This condition becomes more and more common with increasing age. BPH is the most common urological condition in men and causes few initial symptoms. The process proceeds slowly but relentlessly, with the prostate progressively enlarging. This results in resistance when passing water. Typically, symptoms start to occur only when changes to the organ are already well advanced. Those affected often suffer from:

  • a delay when starting to urinate
  • a weaker stream of urine
  • a feeling that the bladder has not been completely emptied
  • sometimes a sudden urge to urinate at night

A wide range of investigative options are available for confirming a diagnosis of BPH. One of these is rectal examination of the prostate. This simple, pain-free examination allows an experienced urologist to obtain an initial impression of the state of a patient’s prostate. It is important to distinguish between non-cancerous (benign) and cancerous (malignant) growths. A rectal examination is generally followed by an ultrasound examination and often uroflowmetry, which measures the flow of urine when you empty your bladder.

A wide range of treatment options are available once a firm diagnosis of BPH has been made.

Patient concierge

Doris Noetzel

Do you have any questions or do you require further information? Contact our patient concierge.

Doris Noetzel
Telephone: +49 (0) 2562 915 2113